WSN4PA 2020 Abstracts

Full Papers
Paper Nr: 4

Digital Villages: A Data-Driven Approach to Precision Agriculture in Small Farms


Ram Fishman, Moushumi Ghosh, Amit Mishra, Shmuel Shomrat, Meshi Laks, Roy Mayer, Aakash Jog, Eyal Ben Dor and Yosi Shacham-Diamand

Abstract: An approach for system monitoring of smallholder farms. The system will be based on low-cost mobile units (i.e. IoTs, phones) collecting and transmitting data directly from the farms. The IoT information will be merged with available and free access satellite data to form near real-time thematic images to the end-users. It will serve people with low technical literacy who are working with smallholders in developing countries. The novelty of using an integrated interdisciplinary behavioral-technological approach that builds on our respective disciplinary expertise, and the ability to pilot and implement at scale through partnerships, on the ground, allowing gaining new insights into smallholder cultivation and revolutionizing agricultural extension in the developing world. To achieve that goal of Holistic Integrated Precision Agriculture Network (HIPAN) three networks have been established in experimental farms in India: wireless network for “on-the-ground” sensing, virtual network with satellite multispectral imaging-based data and social network collecting the farmers’ inputs. The three networks are fused together and the data is processed using a cloud supported data analysis; the results are visually transferred to the farmers as well as to organizations and companies for their benefit.

Short Papers
Paper Nr: 1

Reliability Comparison of Routing Protocols for WSNs in Wide Agriculture Scenarios by Means of ηL Index


Marco Cagnetti, Mariagrazia Leccisi and Fabio Leccese

Abstract: A comparison between the most suitable routing protocols for WSNs applied in wide agriculture scenarios is shown. The protocols, already present in literature, have been conceived to better manage the power budget of the nodes and are particularly suitable to cover the energy issues that wide agriculture scenario can request. This study aims to indicate which of the protocols eligible for this scenario is the most suitable. Comparative simulation test will be shown.

Paper Nr: 2

A Wireless Sensor Network based on Laser-annealed ZnO Nanostructures for Advance Monitoring in Precise Agriculture


Davide Polese, Francesco Maita, Ivano Lucarini, Antonio Ferraro, Antonio De Luca, Domenico Cannatà and Luca Maiolo

Abstract: Plants own a complex way to communicate with each other based on the exchange of chemical and electrical signals. Indeed, plants are capable of creating extensive communication networks thus warning each other of the presence of pests. In response, plants trigger natural strategy against the infestation. The main tool used by plants for exchanging information is the emission and detection of specific volatile organic compounds in air. To this end, monitoring these compounds can be crucial to reveal the state of health of a cultivation far before visual symptoms arise. In this work, we present a wireless sensor network where each node is based on highly sensitive zinc oxide nanostructures enabling the detection and the discrimination of several chemical gases such as CO, CO2, NO, NO2, CH4, etc. The response of each sensor is tuned by using excimer laser annealing procedure, a technique that changes the electrical and morphological properties of the sensing material. This wireless sensor network can be an appealing solution to capture signals coming from the plants without the usage of bulky and expensive equipment.

Paper Nr: 3

Internet of Trees: A Vision for Advanced Monitoring of Crops


Alessandro Checco and Davide Polese

Abstract: Ecosystem preservation and production maximisation are competing objectives in agriculture. Reducing the need of undifferentiated or late interventions on the crops would reduce the number of disease treatments needed, as well as the consumption of water and fertiliser. This objective is only attainable through crop monitoring systems able to reach a single plant. Precision agriculture employ continuous and pervasive monitoring of crops, that in turn allows fast and targeted interventions. The aim of this paper is to highlight the problems that can be found in designing a wireless sensor network (WSN) able to measure environmental parameters such as relative humidity, irradiance and volatile pollutant concentration and introduces a possible solution that we named the Internet of Trees.